Crochet University - Crochet Definitions
Crochet Styles and Techniques
Crochet is a work of art, which comprises of several techniques. These methods require the use of a hook and thread/ yarn to create various products. Crochet can be interpreted as the modern alternative to traditional lace techniques practiced in Europe during 1800s. But by the 1950s, crochet took on a new dimension and instead of just using it to create clothing and household items, it expanded into creating ornaments, blankets, toys and accessories. In recent times, however, crochet has become a useful hobby for both adults and children.
Similarities and Differences between Crochet and Knitting
Many people tend to confuse crochet with knitting. They both share some similar elements such as the fact that the person who crochets and the person, who knits, both use yarn to create the product. Afghans, scarves, hats and shawls are examples of similar types of projects that can be made from both knitting and crochet.
You can easily tell whether a person is crocheting or knitting by just looking at the tools being used. If the person is crocheting, a hook is being used, if knitting then two pointed needles are being used.
Crochet tools and supplies
If you are a beginner and you want to learn the art of crocheting, there are some basic tools that you will need to acquire. The tools and material needed are the different sizes of crochet hooks for your project. Yarns vary in the dye used to make them, getting the correct amount of yarn at the onset will ensure you have the same dye lot while working the project and until it is completed.
The first tool you need is a crochet hook. Crochet hooks are available in different materials such as steel, plastic, aluminum, nylon, bone and wood. There are different reasons for using each type of material; therefore, you will need to choose the most comfortable style that you can manage with your hands. Hook size and yarn size are important too, so your choice of hook should match the size of the yarn you will be working with. The reason behind this is that the size of the hook determines the number of stiches or gauge. When working from a pattern, its best that you make a test sample of the pattern to ensure that the gauge you are making is similar to the one on the pattern. Sometimes, it may be necessary for you to change the crochet hook to get the right gauge from the pattern.
Different crochet types require specific hooks made for them. For example if you decide on making afghan, then you will need an Afghan hook. This hook has two different ends. One end consists of a crochet hook and the other a knitting needle. With this type of hook, you can crochet many stiches at the same time. These hooks vary in sizes from 6 inches to 20 inches in length.
There is an abundant supply of yarn available in different colors, blends and fibers. Yarn is available in a skein or a ball. Yarns vary in fiber such as nylon, wool, rayon, mohair, polyester, angora, alpaca, silk, cashmere, cotton and acrylic. When buying synthetic yarn, choose a blended synthetic as this will give you a blend of both natural and synthetic yarn.
A measuring tape and a gauge counter will also be needed. These are to ensure that you maintain the correct gauge while working on your project. You will also need stitch markers. These are little rings made from plastic that you will use to mark a spot. While working on a crochet pattern you will need to remind yourself of where to repeat a stitch pattern or where to increase. The stitch marker will come in handy here. Another tool needed will be a tapestry needle. A tapestry needle is used to join seams together and weave in a yarn.
Basic crochet stitches
Crocheting has some basic stitches such as chain stitch, slip stitch, double crochet and treble stitch. Mastering these basic stitches is necessary because almost all crochet patterns require the use of theses stitches.
The first crochet stitch used in all crochet patterns is the chain stitch. It is the foundation stitch on which all crochet patterns are based. It is very easy to do and its abbreviated form is ch.
Chain stitches are joined together by a slip stitch especially when making rounds crochet. The slip stitch is used in rounds crochet when making crochet hats, doilies and squares. The abbreviation for slip stitch in crochet patterns is ss.
The double crochet, abbreviated form is dc, but is called a single crochet stitch in American crochet patterns. It is similar to the slip stitch.
The last of the basic crochet stitches is the treble stitch. Its abbreviated form is tr. This stitch is also called the double crochet in America. It is the most difficult of all the basic stitches and features quite often in crochet patterns for advanced crochet techniques. Learning this stitch is important because it is needed for advanced crochet patterns you will be using in your projects.
Crochet Styles and Techniques
Decades of crocheting has led to different techniques and different crochet patterns. Many crocheters have improved on existing techniques and in so doing, new ones have been created. The techniques are many and it may not be possible to discuss them all here, nonetheless you will find below examples of crochet techniques being practiced by crocheters across the globe.
The Amazing Needle is an amalgam technique involving the use of a crochet hook to produce various crochet techniques which can also be used to generate real knitted stitches. This technique including the hook may have had their origins in Japan. The Amazing Needle technique is also called Knooking, which means knitting with a hook. It involves the use of real knit and purl stitches.
The hooks used in Amazing Needle have cables and cords that are removable and can be attached to one end of the hook and serve as a second needle for knitting. Once you can slip stitch you will be able to use this easy technique to produce real knitted fabrics for your projects. This technique is faster than knitting but slower than traditional crochet. There are few available crochet patterns for the Amazing Needle but any knitting project can be adaptable for this technique.
The Amigurumi is a crochet style that originated in Japan. This crochet technique involves working with single crochet to make small figures such as animals and dolls. These figures are different from the regular dolls and animals that are normally worked in crochet. They have this distinct feature of wide -sets round eyes which are usually used in Japanese cartoons, that are drawn or animated. In addition to this characteristic the eyes are also positioned parallel to the nose or is sometimes placed a little below the nose; giving the figure an innocent look.
The dolls are made from single crochet done in rounds. These rounds are not joined; instead, they are worked in spirals. Amigurumi is the crocheting of body parts that are stuffed and then sewn together. These body parts are usually made of a large round head, cylindrical body, ears, arms and legs and a tail if necessary and ad-ons. Felt is sometimes used to make the ears, nose or face including some other attractive add-ons. Sometimes too, plastic pellets are placed under the stuffing so as to distribute the weight at the base of the figure. There are some amigurumi that have no limbs; they consist of only a head and torso, these are worked as one piece as against the ones worked in different pieces.
The Antimascassars crochet technique is usually a filet crochet style. It is a small cloth that is placed over the arms or the backs of chairs to protect the chair’s fabric from dirtying. The name is derived from macassar oil; oil that was commonly used on the hair, during the early period of the 19th century. Applying this oil to the hair was very prevalent especially among men during the Victorian and Edwardian period. This practice led housewives to begin covering the chair backs with crochet chair sets to protect the fabric of the chairs. The name antimacassars became widely used during the 1850s.
As they became more popular the Antimacassar crochet patterns became more elaborate. These included matching crochet sets for chairs and other parlor furniture items. Many of these were homemade and housewives used several techniques including crocheting and tatting. A novel antimacassar was made of stiff white crochet- work, but these became simpler in design during the 19th century. These simpler designs consisted of softer textured material such as fabrics which were embroidered using simple crochet patterns made from silk or wool.
Antimacassars can be seen on the headrests of public transport passenger vehicles. They are on airplane seats, busses and trains. They serve as a means of protecting the fabric from soiling and also extending the life of the fabric.
The Aran crochet technique consists of a succession of crochet stitches also known as "cables" which produce several different raised designs on the fabric. In this technique you create a pattern from raised stitches by working around the post of the stitch rather than into the stiches themselves. This gives the crochet pattern a raised look which looks like cables. As the working progresses and more stiches are created around the post the familiar “S” designed is created.
Baby Crochet patterns make beautiful gift items for babies. Baby crochet patterns include crochet hats, baby blankets, crochet toys, baby booties, crochet hanger patterns and knitted hangers.
When choosing yarn for baby crochet projects choose the 3 ply 100% nylon baby yarn. This yarn is durable, very soft, and easy to manage and well suited for baby crochet patterns.
Crochet hangers are perfect for baby outfits. They are pretty, functional and inexpensive. You can start your crochet hanger projects with left over pieces of yarn. Create your baby crochet hangers from multi-colored yarns. You can add tassels, flowers, fringing and bows as decorations for your baby crochet hangers.
Baby crochet hat patterns and baby booties make trendy and useful items especially for newborns. These hats are not only soft, comfortable but protective but they are also easy to make and quite inexpensive too. Like the hats, baby booties are quick and easy to make and cost little. All that you need is a ball of yarn, a hook and a crochet hat pattern.
Baby crochet blanket patterns can be worked in one piece and one color. It can be beautifully crafted in two colors or various soft hues. Lace shawls and crochet blankets are very useful in many ways. They can be used in the cot, on the floor or to wrapped babies snugly to keep them warm.
Baby crochet includes crochet patterns for toys. They are ideal as shower gifts. They are cuddly and soft. They are safe for baby use as they have no sharp edges or small pieces that can break off. Baby crochet items and patterns are available online @ www.maggiecrochet.com
The Bead Crochet technique involves pre-stringing beads onto the thread or yarn before you start a project. A bead is added before working on the last yarn over for the single crochet stitch.
The Bead-ler crochet technique involves the use of a tool to add beads onto the crochet after crocheting has started. In this method the bead, is shown on both sides of the crochet work instead of on just one side.
Bosnian crochet technique is probably the oldest type crochet pattern known. It consists of slip stitches that are worked in the back loop which in turn creates a ridge in the fabric being made. The fabric created by the slip stitch crochet is great for men’s wear. It also works well with children’s wear, women’s wear, accessories, home décor and any crochet project you may want to try.
The term Bioche means to roll. The Bioche crochet technique is the same as intermeshing. This technique is worked in rounds by intertwining two different colors and two different rows. When completed, the project is similar to the knitted form.
Braided crochet goes back to middle Victorian era. The technique consists of crochet worked in braids and into leaf formation. Braided
crochet progressed later into the Macrame crochet style.
Broomstick (lace) crochet is worked in a series of crochet stitches using a regular crochet hook over a broom; hence the name. It is also called other names depending on your location globally. The needle used for the broomstick technique resembles an over-sized knitting needle. For this technique you will need a crochet hook.
Broomstick crochet patterns can be adapted to suit your project. You can change the colors and make stripes and you can use a longer needle if you want to widen the project. A regular broomstick can be used in your project. Just cut the broom to the desired size and shape the point at one end to ensure that the yarn comes off the needle easily. You can ensure that the point of your broomstick is safe to use by sanding it down.
Bruges has other spelling variations such as Brug and Bruggs. It is a crochet technique that involves a lace technique which sometimes includes tatting. The crocheted bruges lace usually uses both the single and double crochet stitches, and sometimes the half-double crochet stitch. When joined with chain stitches, a type of ribbon is created. This ribbon can be either straight, or curved, joining onto other parts of the ribbon.
Camel TM Crochet
Camel TM Crochet is the name for a specific technique in crochet. The technique focuses on using the horizontal bar in the back of the stitch while ignoring the top two loops. The result is that the two top lops are bent forward to give a close resemblance to knitting stitches.
The Catherine Wheel crochet technique is a more traditional circular style crochet motif which is worked in two rows; one row consists of a series of clusters, while the second one comprises of a series of shell stitches. This technique can be worked either as a solid color or can include several colors. The Catherine Wheel crochet technique is also called Barvian Crochet.
Carrickmacross lace belongs to the Irish lace family. This technique is attained with the crocheting of fabric to a net background. After this is completed a section of the fabric is cut off, leaving the net to be decorated with several needle stitches. All Irish laces started out as replicas of continental European crochet techniques. Alongside the bobbin lace, the method of working with a needle point (“needlepoint”) originated in Irish centers in the nineteenth century. Carrickmacross Lace is also known as Limerick lace.
Celtic Crochet or Celtic Lace
Celtic Crochet is a combination of the Crochet' n' Weave technique, and doilies. In this method the pieces are worked separately and later they woven and
put together to create the finishing look.
The Celtic Knotwork is achieved by following the Celtic Knot graph, working and changing colors as needed. The single crochet stitch is used to accomplish this technique with end result showing the traditional Celtic knot look.
Chain-stitch embroidery utilizes the common chain stitch as a method of preparing a kitchen towel for the additional crocheted towel topper. This can be worked across the center of a towel to avoid the typical hemming that is necessary when the method of cutting a towel is used to add crochet to the top.
Similar in technique as that of the Irish Lace, Clothesline crochet is a technique that has the crochet stitches worked over a cotton clothesline core to make very stiff items such as rugs. It may be worked in the round or in rows, utilizing mostly single crochet stitches . The technique for clothesline crocheting implants clothesline in the yarn work to stiffen the project. This kind of crocheting uses a straight, blunt needle instead of a hook. From a spiral center, bowls, baskets and rugs are easily shaped.
Crochet by Numbers was developed by Todd Paschall. This unique crochet technique, Crochet by Numbers uses the same technique where graphs
and charts become a part of the crochet tools. There is a difference in this technique in that, there is no need for the crocheter to
follow a chart or a graph to create a picture in the project. In this instance, the image is changed into numbers that are easy follow and shows how many
stitches you need to work until you reach the next color change for any given row. This technique allows the crocheter to replicate photos in crochet resulting in incredible accuracy and detail.
The Crochet 'n' Weave comprises of a two-step method. In the first step, a series of double crochet and chains are usually used to create
an open mesh to the desired size. The second step consists of working a series of separate chains which are then threaded onto a needle. The chain stitches
are then woven over and under the double crochet mesh bars in accordance with the design.
The Cro- Tat is also known as Crochet-Tat. This technique looks like tatting and is mixed with simple crochet stitches. The Cro-tat technique combines the look of tatting with the ease of crocheting. Because this technique combines a tatting look with easy crocheting, the line between crochet and tatting becomes blurred. A crochet hook is utilized to work the technique, however, when completed the project looks like tatting.
Crochet on a Roll TM:
The term Camel on a Roll became popular in 2003 when several books came on the market introducing the Roll stitch. The technique is also known as the Rice Stitch and the Bullion stitch. Working the Roll stitch is similar to working the Irish Lace Knot. The stitch comprises of a large series of yarn which are wrapped around the hook and are then pulled through one loop; resulting in a textured/raised look. This stich is recommended for experienced crocheters but not for crochet beginners.
Crochet on the Double TM :
Crochet on the Double utilizes unique stitches which are made with a double-ended crochet hook. This allows the crocheter to finish complete a row, turn the work and then crochet back across. These two ends on the hook allow the crocheter to use two colors at the same time, resulting in a beautiful fabric. The technique is also known as Cro-Hook and Cro- Knit.
Crochet on the Double (COTD) can be compared to Tunisian (Afghan) Stitch but the COTD uses a double –ended hook. The hook is similar to the one used in the Tunisian technique and longer than regular crochet hooks. The difference between these two methods is that you do not turn in the Tunisian but you do so in the COTD.
The Crochenit technique utilizes a double ended crochet hook which is worked similarly to that of Tunisian where working is done through
the bars of the stitches instead of the top loops. It is worked like the Crochet on the Double technique. The is no turning in this technique but instead,
the hook is used to direct one yarn, while the hook that is opposite uses another ball of yarn to make the return row.
This technique uses only one needle to make a combination of crocheting and knitting stitches. The Crochenit Needle
consists of a specially designed tip that is spikier than the regular crochet hook or other double hooks thus making it much faster and easier to slide
through the stitches.
Crochenit is an easier and faster technique which uses less yarn than the regular crocheting or knitting used in projects. Crochenit
begins with a chain (ch) as done in crocheting. In the next pick up row (PU) the loops are placed on the needle as done in knitting. The finished project
looks like knitting in some cases, while in others it looks like crocheting. This is a unique technique producing new ideas and patterns
but at the same time, is not a substitute for knitting and crochet.
Crochet net, an imitation of filet crochet, is used to add embroidery or darning method to fabric. When this process takes place it is called Darned Crochet and is also sometimes called mock tambouring.
Darning is a technique used to repair holes in fabric or knitted items. Darning is not only used in repairing holes in clothing but is also used as a form
of embroidery. In the Darned Crochet technique a new piece of fabric is intertwined inside the hole as a replacement. Pattern darning can
be used to make geometrical designs from parallel straight stitching to reproduce patterned fabrics used for making clothing.
The Delta Crochet although similar to the filet is a triangular technique. Delta Crochet is done mostly in open work triangles and is used to create beautiful clothing and accessories. This technique can be worked both in the rounds and side to side without any unattractive seam edges. This technique is great for crochet patterns on shawls, skull caps, ladies topper and scarf.
Doilies are small crocheted ornamental mats for tables. They are called “table napkins” and are made in different shapes; round, rectangular or oval. Doilies serve a decorative function and also provide protection for wood furniture from scratches that would have been caused by crockery, utensils or other decorative objects.
During the first part of the 20th century, thread manufacturers issued numerous crochet doily patterns. The designs are usually circular or oval shaped and are worked from the center to outwards. Doilies can also be made by using the fillet crochet technique which involves working rows of crochet on a grid pattern.
Filet crochet technique consists of working a series of chains and double crochets to create filled and open mesh spaces. These blocked and open meshes result in the formation of images or letters. Fillet has been around since the 1600. This crochet technique is usually kept for wall hangings, fine laces and table cloths.
The Finger Crochet technique is so named because instead of a crochet hook the fingers are used to work the stitches.
Floral Crochet technique is centered on crocheting flowers. After working the flowers they are then stitched to regular garments as decorations. www.maggiecrochet.com has a wide range of floral
Freeform crochet technique is also known as Freestyle, originated in the Flower Power era. This method engages a blend of stitches, textures, shapes and
colors. There are no rules when working the Freeform technique, and it can be used in many baby crochet blankets projects, as well as
Glass crochet technique requires separate crocheting over two open frames, for example, bone rings. The crochet is worked by inserting a
glass gem in the middle which is sealed inside when both frames are crocheted together. This technique is great with Cabochons.
Granny Square crochet
One of the most popular crochet techniques is the Granny Square. Granny squares are versatile and very easy to crochet. According to history, many Afghans and garments were used to cover wagons that crossed the American frontier. Back then yarn would be recycled and scraps were saved to make the squares. The squares are usually made from a chain which was curved into a circle and had an even number of crochet stitches going around. Rows are formed on top of each other making certain that there are four corners which are spaced evenly apart. The squares were later joined to make the intended crochet project.
The versatility of the granny square makes it easy to work at any gauge. They can also be worked with any yarn and any crochet hook that is appropriate for the pattern, but they can be adjusted if necessary. They squares can also be worked with single color yarns, multicolored or a blend of different colors. However, if you choose to work with several yarns, make sure that the fiber contents are similar. This is to ensure that repeated washing will not affect the finished product adversely.
The graph crochet technique utilizes a series of single crochet including color changes to create images into the fabric. Graph technique is the same as tapestry crochet but you will need to use several strands of yarn simultaneously to get a fabric that is more workable. This means that images that are more difficult will need several strands of yarn dangling from the work until you are ready to use them or weave them in using a tapestry needle.
Gros Crochet technique is achieved when an ornament which looks like a sprig, a leaf, or a stemmed flower is sewn to the net (filet) after it has been
Hairpin crochet also called Portuguese Lace is a technique that is worked by a two-sided loop crochet stitch. The technique includes the use of a two-pronged fork with yarn and a standard crochet hook. Also known as Hairpin Lace, this crochet technique is very easy and makes beautiful crochet projects. Hairpin crochet was practiced widely during Victorian times. It is easy and quick to work and so it produces stunning results when modern yarn is used. If you are a crocheter who wants quick results then the hairpin crochet technique is the ultimate choice for your projects.
Utilizing a crochet hook and loom, hairpin lace comprises the creation of strips are then crocheted together. If you
decide on working with this technique ensure that you are familiar with basic crochet stitches. At the initial stage of working with the
loom it may seems clumsy but if you proceed with this first project you’ll find the technique easier and more enjoyable the next time around. The Forche Work and Fork Work techniques are similar to the Hairpin Lace.
Hair Painting was a common practice during the Victorian era. The people in that era, never used photo albums as we do in our time. They had the most unique way of remembering and celebrating family. They would collect family members’ hair samples, twist them, crochet them and knit them and then use them to create an array of jewelry items.
Hard crochet otherwise called sculptural crochet is a technique where crochet stitches are worked with a small hook and 3-ply or 4-ply yarn for carpet. This method would make the fabric tight, sometimes with what is called a "carry strand" of yarn to give extra strength. This ensures that the fabric is stiff enough to make baskets, hats, and brief cases. This particular technique allows the crocheter to produce fabric into a number of sculptures that can stand on their own. Larger works may require some form of stiffening.
The Hobnail Crochet technique is named after the "bumpy" white glass which is normally known as hobnail Glass, Milk Glass or Fenton Art Glass. Using a white thread or yarn, the technique combines crochet stiches such as the single crochet and treble and triple stitches to create a fabric. When a single crochet stitch is worked beside a single treble or triple crochet stitch, the result is the “bending down” of the treble and this causes to bulge outwards. This technique is also known as “aligned coble” stitch.
"Mathematicians were compelled to acknowledge that there exists a space in which given a line and an external point P, there are many lines that go through P yet do not meet the original line." Well, crochet has turned out to be the best medium to explore this idea. Hyperbolic crochet technique uses ruffles to create unique patterns.
Illusion Crochet technique originated in 2005 when shadow knitting was popular. The notion is founded on the idea that a hidden message or image can be seen inside the stitches if the fabric is viewed from varying angles. Presently, the only way you can learn this crochet technique is to find a winter 2005, copy of the Fantasy Magazine or by taking classes with Darla Fanton.
Interlacing crochet technique is similar to Finger Crochet. In this technique crochet stitches, such as the slip stitch are made without a hook as the fingers are utilized to create the fabric.
Intermeshing Crochet technique is regarded as fabric that is created when two filet pieces are crocheted together simultaneously, but each piece is done separately. This method is also called interlocking filet.
Irish Lace was worn during the 1700 by nobles as a means of identifying their wealthy status. During the 1700, young girls used very fine hooks made from bones, cork or wood to create detailed motifs. Many of these laces were named after the location in which they were created, but many of these patterns were lost when family members died because these patterns were closely guarded and were never shared or written down. Irish lace is crocheted motif which imitates flowers and leaves. Irish lace is created with thread and the stitches are made over a cord which produces stiches that are thicker in appearance.
This technique was named after Joseph Jacquard who invented a loom which created fabric of complex variegated patterns. These weaves or patterns were, quickly converted into crochet when admirers decided to make similar items for projects. Checkerboard, plaid and diamond patterns are all examples of the technique called” jacquard.” The technique has other names such as Tapestry Crochet and Mosaic Crochet.
Jewelry Crochet is a bead crochet technique that is known in Austria, Germany and Japan. The technique is achieved when two or more beaded loops are created with beaded crocheted chains. After the first 2 or 3 loops are worked, the crocheter then uses a slip stitch to join the loops. Extra loops are crocheted to create a cylindrical form.
A type of Irish Lace and the technique is the same as Irish Lace
Knitting is a technique where yarn or thread is created into fabric by using knitting needles. Knitted fabrics have successive rows of stitches. There are numerous knitting stitches which have developed over time. There are some basic stitches to hand knitting: purl, knit, cast on, cast off/ bind off, decrease and increase. A combination of these stitches can produce several different textures and weights of knitted fabrics.
Korsnas Motif is similar to the Tapestry technique. This particular style of crochet got its name from a small coastal village in Finland. In this method, two or more stitches are worked for each row so as to create intricate motifs. The crocheted piece is then combined with knitting to produce garments that are highly prized and are chiefly used as highly esteemed gifts.
Linked crochet is a technique in which the taller kind of crochet stitches like the double crochet and the triple or treble crochet are joined to get rid of the “spaces” that would form naturally between the stitches. This joining of the stitches together as they are worked allows the fabric to become denser.
The technique is to get rid of the initial yarn over for the double crochet stitch and insert it instead into the middle loop of the stitch that was previously made and “hide” the loop. The crochet hook is then placed into the crocheted piece working the double crochet in the normal way. Expert crocheters have been using this technique for years to get rid of these slightly oversized spaces created by turning chains, when used as taller stitches
Locker Crochet is a crossbreed technique which copies techniques from crochet, needlepoint, latch hooking, and rug punch to produce sturdy items such as rugs, purses and hot pads. This technique is known as the “anchored Loop” in America. The Locker Crochet technique consists of intertwining hoops and a special crochet hook. This is a crochet hook which has a big needle eye at the other end. The material is pulled through a canvas by the hook which is then glided off the back end onto the thread or yarn that was used to hold the stiches in their position.
Macrame Crochet technique is so called, because of the material that is used to work the crochet and that is, the durable macrame thread.
Magic Ball Crochet
The Magic Ball Crochet technique uses several yarns of different colors, and texture which are cut into different lengths. They are bundled together and the ends are tied together. The blend is then wound into a ball and crocheted or knitted up into a pattern. All the loose ends at the tied ends are left open on one side, while the other side is kept flat. The result is a fabric that is reversible.
Miniature crochet technique is done with the use of size 20 or a thinner thread which creates items that is one twelfth of their usual size, or they can be smaller. The small sized work usually has crocheters comparing their fingers as “large sausages” because the fingers usually get in the way of them seeing the work. For this technique, you’ll need a strong magnifier and a light to work the crochet stitches. An Ott-Light is highly recommended.
The Modular Crochet technique is frequently referred to a similar technique that is used to build modular homes. Each section of the clothing is crocheted separately and is then put together to produce the final product. This technique is great for creating attractive ponchos.
The MoEz technique is basically Tunisian or afghan stitch and uses a very long and stout wooden crochet hook; this bigger hook creates a
Same as Ring Crochet.
Same as Tapestry and Jacquard.
Old World Crochet
Old World Crochet technique is also called Shepherd's Knitting and is similar to Tunisian technique.
The Omega Crochet technique can be considered a amalgam of a number of crochet techniques; the broomstick technique, the loop stitch, a bit of Tunisian and probably a little bit of knitting too. The technique was created to highlight the textured and fashionable fibers that is loved by many but who may have difficulty in crocheting it.
Overlay Crochet is a technique that utilizes single crochet stitches and crochet cable stitches including numerous color changes. The technique aims on getting the viewer to fix the eyes on how the colors play in the work rather than on how the stitch is used in the design.
Patchwork Crochet as suggested by its name is a technique where patches or pieces of fabric are bordered and then joined together with crochet. The fabric or patches can also be crocheted. One popular example is the famous Granny Square.
The Patchwork Quilting method is similar to quilting. This technique consists of series of triangles, where one triangle is worked in one color and the
second color for next triangle is joined to the opening chain of the first triangle. The result is square which is joined to other squares later, and is
worked in the same way.
The Peacock or Eye Crochet technique is worked the same way as the Broomstick.
Perlen Crochet is based on the same technique as Jewelry Crochet.
Pineapple Crochet is considered to be more of a style of crochet rather than a technique. Pineapple Crochet is among the more common kinds of crochet which are usually used as trims and doilies.
Portuguese Lace is similar to Hairpin Lace and could be used as a reference for Bobbin Lace which is not a crochet technique.
Pushmi Pullyu was created by Dee Stanziano in 2008. Pushmi Pullyu is a crochet technique which involves the creation of forward and backward crochet stitches in the same row. The same effect can be created by switching hands for each row without having to turn the work. The result is a unique look in the fabric that is similar to the Illusion Crochet effect.
Rag Rug Crochet technique comprises of using strips of fabrics to make rugs. This is a great way to recycle scraps or old clothing that have outgrown their usefulness.
Same as the Tunisian technique.
Same as the Tunisian technique.
Relief Crochet technique is the name given to textured stitches for example, Popcorns, the Cluster, the Puff, Bobbles, Roll or Bullion or Rice, and other
stitches which gives the crochet work a rich texture and dimension.
Rickrack Crochet technique goes by several names; rickrack, ric rac or rick rack. This was the most loved trim during the latter part of the 19 th century to the early 20th century. Rickrack is a flat zigzag trim that is woven and was used to adorn linens and clothing because the flat bias weaves could be turned in any direction. It was usually made of cotton and sometimes wool. When compared to lace, it was the preferred type of decoration because it could withstand rough washing.
Ring Crochet technique is also called Molded Crochet. The technique favors the crocheting of double crochet stitches to cover the rings of brass curtains by using variegated colors of metallic thread or pearls cottons.
Romanian Crochet is a "crochet-braid" that is pinned in place, after which the inside spaces are covered with weaving that is done by needles. Romanian women would work the crocheted braids until they were very long. They often worked unceasingly to keep both the tension and rhythm of the braid
Rope Crochet method consists of crocheting beads in the round. The result is the creation of lovely necklaces, bracelets and other similar accessories.
The Ruffled Scarf technique is very stylish. The ruffles use more yarn than regular scarves, but the extra yarn gives the scarves more warmth. They also take a longer time to make. Ruffles are easy to make and any stitch combination can be used, the broomstick lace crochet technique creates beautiful ruffles and regular crochet stitches can also be used too.
The ruffles are worked by increasing each row of the scarf. This best way to do this is to work along the length of the scarf and then add the stitches to each row. This method gives the impression that the scarf is worked in rounds, but is actually worked in rows.
Scarves tend to be bulky and you may cause some discomfort when worn under a coat or a jacket. The bulkiness can be prevented by using a finer crochet thread or yarn to make a thinner scarf.
Russian Crochet is the usual name for any double crochet that is carefully worked showing the ridge. The working is only done into the back loop of every stitch resulting in an “exposed” front loop.
Sculptural Crochet/ Hard Crochet is method which how to use yarn to create rigid objects such as baskets, tote bag, hats and puppets. The
technique utilizes a crochet hook with a handle and inexpensive synthetic yarn which are worked to make the very tight crochet stitches which are necessary for producing stiff objects.
Shadow Crochet Technique is also called Triolet Crochet and is a relative of Torchon and Filet Crochets. When worked, it results in netting that has a triangular mesh and filled areas consisting of treble shells.
ShiRRet Crochet or Shirred Crochet is a technique which was perfected and named by two ladies; Louise McCrady and her mother Katherine. The technique was advanced later by a daughter; Lady Mc Crady, the NY artist. What’s fascinating about this technique is that no sewing is done and the carpets are reversible. The secret to this method is that crochet stitches are concealed inside the pleats of fabric.
Short Double Crochet
Short Double Crochet is native to Europe, and comprises of "bending" of the stiches from the previous row thus exposing the two top loops that are usually worked. The technique is worked by crocheting the middle bar at the back of the stitch instead of going around its post or both top loops.
Slip Stitch Crochet
It’s difficult to standardized crochet terms due to the different languages across the world. There are several similar names for slip stitch crochet but they still refer to technique of slip stich crocheting. The English equivalent is Bosnian crochet and shepherd’s knitting. The Norwegian name is Pjoning. Sometimes “shepherd’s knitting” is also called Tunisian crochet but in this case it is referring to a different technique which requires a crochet hook that is longer.
Spiral Crochet is a technique where two or more colored yarns are worked together, yet separately to produce a spiral effect such as a sea shell.
Sobritto Crochet is not really a technique but gained popularity during 1930 and 1940. The particular style of crochet got its name from a rayon thread which was quite popular during those times.
Steeks Crochet is a technique which embodies surface crocheting where slip stitches are worked on the top of a knitted garment, so as to create an area which the designer can cut as an opening from. The crochet stitches prevent the knitted fabric from unraveling.
Stained Glass Crochet
Stained Glass Crochet is a technique which involves the act of fusing metal rings into glass to effectively add crochet, so explained by Georga Wild, in an article in the March 2005 issue of Crochet Magazine. Although it’s possible to drill into the glass, this action is not recommended because the glass can shatter during the process.
This technique contains two steps; firstly, crocheting of the fabric which is called the ground piece; filet is great for this. Secondly, the crochet is worked on the right side of the fabric. The technique is versatile and can be used to augment tapestry crochet , plain crochet, freeform crochet and many other crochet projects. It can also be used to decorate knitting projects.
Symbol Crochet is actually not a crochet technique but is mentioned here, just in case anyone is desirous of knowing about it. Although it’s not
considered to be a crochet technique it is similar to other types of crochet where you use a pattern to create a crochet piece. However as the name
suggests, this type of crochet is worked using symbols. The stitch chart contains symbols which are basically very small pictures that act as a guide
to the crocheter and informs as to which crochet stitches are to be created and where they should be placed. The symbol crochet style is universal. It
allows the crocheter- regardless of language spoken- to use the symbols to create a project.
Tambour Crochet is the technique where a crochet hook is pushed through cloth stretched out on a frame, so that stitches can be created on it. It is thought that this method was the first type of crochet method known.
Tapestry Crochet is a technique where two or more colors are worked to create a distinctive design in the fabric while crocheting. In this technique, the crocheter is allowed to carry any unused strand of yarn until the pattern needs it. Once needed, the new color is picked up and the latter is dropped or carried until it is needed again. This method makes a stiff fabric which is great for making bags, bowls and other such items.
Tunisian Crochet has several names; Afghan Stitch, Hook Knitting, Tricot Crochet, Shepherd's Knitting and Railroad Knitting. The technique consists of working each row in two parts. The first section of the row is worked from right to left, while the second section is worked from left to right. There is no turning of the work. The fabric is created when a long crochet hook with a stopper on the end is used to work in to the bars of the stiches rather than the top loops. Longer afghan hooks have cables attached to the end to lessen the weight on the hook so as to even the tension. The hook carries several loops from the preceding row and then 2 loops are removed each time while the crochet stitches are being worked.
Tunisian Intarsia Crochet
Intarsia means having a colored design knitted on both sides of a fabric, while Tunisian- as defined above- contains some of the features of knitting.
Tunisian Intarsia therefore means, to use the Tunisian crochet technique to create pictures from a graph.
Turkish Bead Crochet
In the Turkish Bead Crochet technique 4 seed beads and a tube bead are strung on thread. There are 3 beaded chains, each having 4 seeds and 1 tube making up a bugle bead group. The height of new rounds is created by additional chains that are without beads, with more crochet stitches being worked into the back of the beaded chains.
Turkish Loops technique is the same as Jewelry Crochet
Venetian Lace was the name given to net lace which was made in Venice, Italy during the time of Roman Dominion. It is a crochet motif that is done as a square mesh where the stitches are worked over chain spaces. Crocheted picot stitches are then used to join the motifs together. Venetian Crochet makes great trimmings and accessories for weddings or christenings.
The Waffle Weave technique was developed by the American School of Needlework. This method is a combination of both the padded stitch and the cable stitch technique. In the Waffle Weave method the previous row is rolled tightly into the ensuing one until a dimpled fabric is produced. The technique consists of picking up a bottom loop in the previous row and one in the top row all together working a single crochet stitch. The result is a fabric that is very thick. It is called “thermal fabric” by some people.
Wiggly Crochet uses the Surface Crochet technique to achieve its effect. In this method 3-5 double crochet stitches are worked close together. The number of stitches so close together in a small area causes them to group up and “wiggle.” During the 1900s this technique was commonly used as trims on baby clothing and bonnets. It was also quite popular on pot holders in the 1930s and 1950s. This technique is also called Wave Stitch.
There are two ways to achieve Wire Crochet. In the first method a dowel rod, a corker and a crochet hook are used. With the use of the crochet hook, each loop is lifted up and over a new loop. When completed this technique resembles knitting and most times it is called knitting. The second method a steel crochet hook is used to work regular crochet stitches. There is a problem however, once a mistake is made, that part cannot be torn off it has to be cut out.
This technique is the same as Broomstick method.
In the Woven Crochet technique a tapestry needle is used to sew the yarn over and under straight up between stitches. When weaving is added to crocheted fabric, the yarn enhances the projects thereby making the fabric stronger.
A well- known characteristic of crochet is that it twists naturally. This twisting tendency allows the crocheter to be able to pull from unspun roving or from silk handkerchiefs and start crocheting at once without needing the material to be spun into yarn first.